Canine Diabetes Wiki

Examples of subcutaneous and intramuscular injections.

Also known as "sub-Q" or "SC," this refers to giving an injection or infusion under the skin.

Administering insulin[]

Regarding diabetes, subcutaneously is the most common form of administering insulin, though it can be given intramuscularly for faster action or intravenously for diabetic emergencies and the most rapid onset of all. Not all insulins may be given intravenously though-only the clear soluble ones which are either fast or short-acting can.

Administering other fluids[]

Administering Subcutaneous Fluids-MarVista Vet.

Saline solution 0.9% which can be used either subcutaneously or intravenously.

Diabetic caretakers often find themselves in the position of giving subcutaneous fluids for other conditions, such as dehydration or Chronic Renal failure (CRF). Subcutaneous fluids [1] help rehydrate to the body, keep toxin levels down, and replenish some of the electrolytes that are lost in the urine and not replenished by drinking water.[2]

Your veterinarian may prescribe one of several types of subcutaneous fluids. The fluid type [3] and volume to administer depends on your pet's condition. One of the most common fluids is Lactated Ringer's Solution, [4] used to replace acute fluid and electrolyte losses and for correcting mild acidosis.[5] A link below shows the manufacturer's label information for Lactated Ringer's Solution. [6] I16


  1. Subcutaneous Route for Fluids With Photos. Washington State University.
  2. Stoeppler, Melissa Conrad. What Are Electrolytes?. MedicineNet.
  3. Fluid Types. Washington StateUniversity.
  4. Lactated Ringer's Solution. Washington State University.
  5. Wortinger, Ann (February 2001). Electrolytes, Fluids and the Acid-Base Balance. Veterinary Technician.
  6. Label Information--Lactated Ringers Solution. Valley Vet.

More Information[]