Nonketotic hyperosmolar syndrome, also known as hyperglycaemic, hyperosmolar non-ketotic (HHNK) syndrome,, or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) is an uncommon complication of untreated diabetes mellitus.

Animals with this syndrome need:

Unfortunately, the prognosis for recovery from the syndrome is poor.


  1. Wortinger, Ann (February 2001). Electrolytes, Fluids and the Acid-Base Balance. Veterinary Technician.

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